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prБДС EN 1459-1:2023

Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1: Variable-reach trucks

General information

40.10     Feb 16, 2023

40.20    Apr 20, 2023


ЕРГ 14

European Standard



This European Standard specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted.
For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain.
Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers).
This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).
This European Standard does not apply to:
- slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2;
- industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2;
- lorry-mounted variable reach trucks;
- variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position;
- mobile cranes covered by EN 13000;
- machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series);
- trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions;
- trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions;
- trucks designed primarily for container handling;
- trucks on tracks;
- trucks with articulated chassis;
- attachments (covered by prEN 1459-5).
This European Standard does not address hazards linked to:
- hybrid power systems;
- gas power system;
- gasoline engine system;
- battery power system;
- tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).
This European Standard does not address hazards which may occur:
a) when handling suspended loads which may swing freely (additional requirements are given in prEN 1459-4 (in preparation));
b) when using trucks on public roads;
c) when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres;
d) when operating underground;
e) when towing trailers;
f) when fitted with a personnel work platform (additional requirements are given in EN 1459-3);
g) when using cruise-control.
This European Standard does not provide a method of calculation for fatigue and strength of material.
This document is not applicable to trucks manufactured before the date of its publication.

Directives and Regulations

When the standard is harmonized under a directive or regulation, the word Harmonized appear. When such an inscription does not appear, it means that the standard is related to / supporting the relevant directive or regulation.


Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC (recast)

Life cycle


БДС EN 1459-1:2017+A1:2020


prБДС EN 1459-1:2023
40.10 harmonizedStageCodeLabel.40.10
Feb 16, 2023

Related project

Adopted from prEN 1459-1 IDENTICAL